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The Kocchi's Blog educates transportation professionals like you on trends, and technology for fleet safety and efficiency. In our posts, we aim to inspire you, share expert advice from insiders, best practices from customers and partners, strategies for driver and pedestrian safety, and tools for managing fleets effectively.

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Quick Understanding Automotive Surround View Camera Technology

Posted on January 26, 2021 at 7:00 PM Comments comments (0)

Automotive cameras market is forecast to reach USD 15.1 billion by 2025 (marketsandmarkets), enrolling CAGR of 10.8percent between 2019 and 2025. With growing awareness around multi camera technology, automotive companies have begun introducing surround view methods in their mid-priced and financial car sections.


A correctly implemented surround view method enhances driver and safety expertise of a car by offering visibility from the immediate area of the motor vehicle. Automotive surround view method provides greater visibility and orientation 360-degrees round the automobile and aids in mitigating accidents, and automobile accidents during lane shift, parking, and steering.


What is a Surround-view camera?

Surround-view camera techniques consist of four cameras or more with every having >180-degrees flat field of view. Automotive cameras from the system are set up in just two wing mirrors or side doors, front and in the back side of the automobile and gives 2D and 3D perspective of the car's environment.


The surround-view camera system performs two principal purposes, first is camera calibration and then is merging of multiple video streams into a single.


The four 180-degrees cameras create images from all measurements of the automobile and these pictures are concurrently sent to ECU in which they're processed for correction, together and stitched together to generate real-time perspective of the environment of the vehicle.


There can be two different kinds of surround systems:

  • 2D Surround View Camera Systems: Two dimensional surround viewpoint is a conventional perspective, which projects a bird's eye perspective of their vehicle's environment on the screen. Raw pictures or video feeds from the cameras have been stitched to shape the bird's eye perspective on a level surface.

  • 3D Surround View Camera Systems: In 3D surround perspective systems, automobile and its environment are revealed in 3D representation, which can be in spherical shape. As it's a 3D representation of the environment in 360-degrees, the images could be pulled from any angle around the vehicle.


Can i install a surround view camera system for my car?

There're aftermarket units exist that let you install a surround view camera in your vehicle. They commonly incorporate a few cameras and a regulator that joins them all to your vehicle's infotainment screen. In spite of the fact that these systems may give a preferable view over a backup camera (or no camera by any means), they can't match systems installed in the factory.


Auto engineers put forth an admirable attempt to impeccably situate the cameras, cover them inside the vehicle's design, and shield them from the climate. More exertion is made to consolidate their perspectives into a reasonable, consistent picture. A 360-degree camera unit you install yourself probably won't coordinate the clearness or effortlessness of a stock framework, however it could regardless make backup or parking simpler.


Is a surround view camera system worth it?

Although a few drivers are greater at backing up or parking a car than others, we would all feel pain when wheels are curbed and bumpers are scuffed. In the event that you need assistance keeping away from such car anguish, a 360-degree camera system is justified. Despite the fact that 360-degree cameras are discretionary additional items on most vehicles, the accommodation and genuine feelings of serenity they give can appear to be inestimable.

In any case, a standard rearvie camera, parking sensors, or basically your ability at sliding into parking spaces can be comparable to a 360-degree camera, particularly if the system doesn't quick and easy to turn on, or on the off chance that it shows on a screen that is grainy or excessively little. Not certain if a 360-degree camera system is justified, despite all the trouble? Give one a shot on a test drive and see with your own eyes.

BMW Surround View Camera

Camera calibration process(Aftermarket Kits)

Camera calibration could be thought of one of the most difficult jobs while deploying a surround view system in a car or truck. It's the procedure of calibrating the environment view cameras with all the exterior atmosphere. Camera calibration ensures proper performance of the surround view system as improper camera calibration might cause non-aligned picture stitching, ghosting and faulty color correction. Majorly OEMs encourage the installation of cameras (from automotive camera providers) to the automobile and guarantees appropriate camera calibration to the computer system.

Shown is Kocchi's 360° camera calibration with tapes

  • Intrinsic Parameters: Intrinsic parameters in camera calibration originates from both sides of automotive cameras providers. Since surround perspective cameras have a bigger field of view, it's very important to quantify parameters as optical facilities of the camera, focal length, camera projections, detector resolution, and lens distortion, as averting such parameters may lead to distorted image creation.
  • Extrinsic Parameters: Extrinsic parameters in camera calibration is dependent upon the relative positions and orientation of the cameras with regard to a frequent point in the car's body. Extrinsic parameters in camera calibration is very important to specify the picture overlap regions. Not Placing, it can result in improper overlapping of this surround view picture. Extrinsic parameters of the camera calibration may also be impacted by the suspension of this automobile as faulty suspension can result in displacement into the camera location.

Aiming process

Merging and rendering

The following step in the process involves combining the recorded images to a unified surround view picture that could then be shown. It entails re-projecting the camera-sourced pictures, initially taken from various perspectives, and more commonly merging the different video streams. Additionally the live pictures themselves, it uses the different digital cameras' perspective parameters, in addition to the qualities of the surface the rendered image will be re-projected onto.


One common technique is to simply project the camera pictures on a plane which reflects the floor. But this approach leads to a variety of distortions; for instance, objects climbing over the ground plane, like pedestrians, trees and street lights, will probably be stretched out (See below picture). The consequent unnatural images which makes it more difficult for the driver to correctly gauge distances to different objects. An ordinary improved technique would be to leave the pictures on a bowl-shaped surface rather. This strategy causes a less-distorted final picture, but it nevertheless includes a few artifacts. Ideally, as a result, the algorithm could re-project the cameras' images on the true 3D structure of the car's surroundings.

How do surround view cameras work?
As you back down your driveway you can check whether your vehicle is focused. In the event that you have your driveway dominated, you may not be acquainted with a friend's driveway, particularly one that has a bend, or runs downhill to the road and can't be seen through your rearview mirror. On the off chance that you back or ease into an equal or opposite parking spot and you don't have a self-parking system, you can completely focus your vehicle in the spot, maybe the lone vehicle at the shopping center so left, and stay within the legal 6-12 inches of the curb on-street.

And take Kocchi's SurroundEye™ 3D 360° Surround View System for further example. The system works by taking video input from 4 or more HD cameras around the car and then combining them to simulate a camera looking down on the car to help prevent collisions with Vulnerable Road Users (VRU’s), objects and vehicles around the bus. The system has been developed to reduce collisions and increase safety. Merged fours cameras images shown together or separately provide views to reduce blind spots and displaying VRU’s and other obstacles in blind zones. Read this Whitepaper to find out how Kocchi's 3D 360° Surround View System makes a difference.

4 Benefits to Installing a Truck Backup Camera

Posted on January 26, 2021 at 2:15 AM Comments comments (0)

Trucks are the only vehicle capable of transporting huge loads of freight, they are quite rugged, they could handle just about any terrain, and much more. However one thing trucks deficiency is maneuverability. Pickups, particularly huge pickups, aren't necessarily the easiest vehicles to backup.


Together with your own truck bed loaded to the maximum, you simply can not see anything at the rear view mirror, in order to turn around to be sure everything is clear. This produces enormous blind spots. And also these blind spots create backing up an actual hassle.


There is, though, a very simple answer to your difficulty; you can install an aftermarket backup camera system(Wired or wireless). You need to seriously look at getting one on your next truck or using one installed. And if you are on the fence about it, then here are a few reasons why backup cameras rock:

Hint #1. Reduce Blind Spots. A fast glance in your rearview mirror is not always sufficient. Even once you look back on your shoulder, then you still have a blind spot. We are apt to trust that these tiny quick checks are sufficient. And for a whole lot people, they've been. Guess you can say we have been blessed. However, for those unlucky few who have believed they appeared nicely enough and then tragedy strikes, a backup camera might have helped them avoid it.

Hint #2. Backing Into Parking Spaces Easier. Backing into parking spaces and parallel parking are some of the hardest driving skills to learn. But using a backup camera, it is nearly impossible to mess up. Not only does the camera display what is back there, but they also demonstrate a manual route using lines which are the width of your vehicle. These traces show you just how much space you've got on each side and behind the vehicle. How good is that!

Hint #3. Helps When You Are Stuck in Traffic. Have you ever been stuck in trafficor in a scenario in which you want to back up? You are almost terrified to since you know you do not have that much space to use, and you would hate to back right into somebody. It will make certain you can safely backup, letting you be aware of the whole time just how much space you've left.

Hint #4. Watch Out for Small Ones. Regrettably, any kid or pet than three feet tall is much more at risk for not being viewed by a vehicle backing up. Trucks that come equipped with a camera system help prevent this danger and protect against potential accidents. Enough said.

Why Backup Cameras Isn't Perfect and How to Deal With?

Posted on January 25, 2021 at 10:50 PM Comments comments (0)

Backup camera systems are an extremely valuable technology, but it's very important to recognize their limits as a standalone solution for object detection.

Considering that 94 percent of new cars in the USA marketplace these days have backup cameras, that has a good deal of backward visibility gained. But national data indicates that this passive technology (engineering which needs driver/operator participation) as a standalone security solution has not appreciably diminished back-over incidences. Although between 2008 and 2011 backup cameras over dropped from 32% to 68 percent in brand new automobiles sold, the decrease in back-over episodes was less than 8%.

So, why are financing accidents still occurring? 

In spite of backup detectors, "drivers still do not look around their automobiles when in reverse and sometimes get distracted by numerous items because their automobiles roll backward," clarifies Janette Fennell, president and creator of automobile security nonprofit Back-up cameras display graphics on a screen, and drivers may get overly reliant on the display rather than using their rearview mirrors and windows.


What is more, environmental ailments put in the way. Snow, rain, and even sunlight glare can radically impair camera visibility in the street, since most drivers using backup cameras have undergone firsthand.


In heavy duty industries, environmental problems play a much larger role. Dirt or sand out of a worksite can easily impair a camera lens, so making the machine useless until disinfected. Confined or darkened worksites, together with the size of heavy duty equipment significantly raises the risk connected with blind zones across those vehicles.


The market and technology trend

While backup cameras do raise visibility at a car's blind zone, the tech is still passive, putting each the duty on the gear operator to find things and individuals on the other side of the machine before the accident occurs.


Combining vision systems with active security systems, for example object detection radar, supply equipment operators with busy alerts (alarms that do not need their participation) so they could avoid possible collisions with individuals or property.

Or latest 3D surround view system that consists of four video cameras mounted in the front, in the back, and on the sides of the vehicle as well as a special processing unit that merges the video feed from all four cameras into a single panoramic image. Everything that happens around the car is displayed on the monitor in real time and in "plan view" without any blind spots.


Camera/monitor systems are getting to be commonplace in heavy duty and Public Transit Industries, but they are not sufficient to significantly lessen the danger connected with blind spots. Many forward believing OEMs are taking measures to incorporate active systems designed especially for heavy-duty gear operations, which is valuable in years to come. But most fleets today need aftermarket applications so as to maximize the capacity of protected operations of the gear. That isn't without price, but the consequent increase in security and decrease in expensive mishaps, much outweighs the investment.